The Basics of AMD
Age Related Macular Degeneration is a disease that causes severe or permanent vision loss in people typically over the age of 60. Macular Degeneration affects the macula which provides your central vision. There are two forms of macular degeneration - Dry AMD and Wet AMD. Dry AMD patients have yellow deposits in their retina known as drusen. With Dry AMD over time, the light sensitive cells in your macula get thinner and die, which causes a central blind spot in your vison.
Wet AMD is when blood vessels grow into and under your macula. When the blood vessels form and grow, they leak fluid into your retina. When this happens, you will have distortion. Distortion would include straight lines looking wavy and central blurred vision. Left alone, these leaking blood vessels can form a scar, which leads to permanent central vision loss. Treatment for Wet AMD includes intravitreal injections of medication to stop and prevent the bleeding to save your vision. It is important if you have Dry AMD to check your vision daily, one eye at a time. If you recognize changes in your vision, you should make an appointment with a retina specialist immediately. Early treatment is key!
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